Wednesday, June 23, 2010

Butea monosperma Ecology

The flowers are visited by a number of birds that are attracted by the nectar. For pollination, however, bears only the purple sunbird (Cinnyris asiaticus, synonym: Nectarinia asiatica) in the case, which can reach the nectar with its long beak, without damaging the flower. Other species such as Rußbülbül (Pycnonotus cafer) or the Oriental White-eye (Zosterops palpebrosa consume) also nectar, but need to damage the calyx. The pollination may be made by the Jungle Palm Squirrel (Funambulus tristriatus) because with his pointed snout also reach the nectar without causing damage. The giant honey bee (Apis dorsata) visiting the flowers of the Malabar lacquer tree in order not consumed nectar of flowers damaged include, but shall also not in for pollination.

The Malabar lacquer tree is a host plant of lac (Kerria lacca). Fertilized females pierce the bark of young branches and to take on significant amounts of phloem sap. The secretion is separated from them firmly to the branch surface and forms crusts, which are going to die trapped in the heavily swollen and lice. A few week later, the swarming of the new generation of lice.

But neither the lac or other sucking, leaf-eating insects or holzbohrende addressed to strong damage. The Malabar lacquer tree suffers little to fungal diseases. Catastrophic losses are on the young growth of rats, porcupines and pigs.

In tropical humid forests, we find the Malabar lacquer tree along with the Salbaum (Shorea robusta) or with Mallotus philippensis, in tropical dry forests with teak (Tectona grandis), the Indian frankincense (Boswellia serrata), or the Fragrant acacia (Acacia nilotica), in the tropical thorn forests of northern India, with the Vereker-acacia (Acacia senegal) or the Khejribaum (Prosopis cineraria).

See Also: Sending Flowers, Online Florist

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